Most people know regular service is vital for a safe and reliable car. The same goes for forklifts. Setting up a regular forklift maintenance schedule for your forklift fleet can help with things like:

  • Expensive repairs
  • Unexpected downtime
  • Protecting the resale value of your fleet
  • Protecting the safety of your forklift operators and employees

So, how often should you set up a service for your forklift or fleet? Well, it depends on the type of forklifts you use and how often you use them.

Internal Combustion Forklifts

Internal Combustion (IC) forklifts generally need service every 250-300 hours. You may need service more often if you operate forklifts in extreme temperatures or dirty environments or have fork attachments.

Here are the top four things to focus on during a 250–300-hour IC forklift service:

  1. Change filters
  2. Grease parts
  3. Look for minor problems to prevent big problems
  4. Conduct safety inspection

Electric Forklifts

With fewer parts to replace and service, electric forklifts require less maintenance than IC forklifts. In general, you should inspect and service electric forklifts every 500 hours. Again, your service intervals may vary if you work in extreme environments or use fork attachments.

Here are the top six things to focus on during a 500-hour electric forklift service:

  1. Check the motor
  2. Inspect the cables
  3. Lubricate moving parts
  4. Inspect battery
  5. Check lights, accessories, and attachments
  6. Conduct safety inspection

Sample One-Year Maintenance Schedule for IC and Electric Forklifts

For reference, here is a sample one-year maintenance schedule for IC and electric forklifts. It’s a general list of things to focus on; however, you should always follow manufacturer guidelines for your specific forklift.

Every 250 Hours/Two Months

  • Check engine idle speed and ignition timing
  • Lubricate chassis and mast components
  • Change engine fluids and filters
  • Blow out and inspect the brakes
  • Inspect the hydraulic system and mast
  • Check belts, hoses, the drive train, steering, and electrical system
  • Inspect tires for damage and wear
  • Inspect attachments (if applicable)

Every 500-600 Hours/Four Months

  • All items in the 250-hour service above
  • Inspect the chains for damage and proper tension, check the mast operation, inspect carriage rollers, lift and tilt cylinders for proper function
  • Check/adjust the chassis links, clutch release bearing, and mast support bushing
  • Inspect the hydraulic oil pump and check the hydraulic oil level hydraulic filter (replacing if necessary)
  • Clean the radiator
  • Inspect the PCV valve
  • Asses pedal free play
  • Check/adjust hand brake

Every 1,000 Hours/Six Months

  • All items in the 250 and 500-hour service above
  • Change all fluids and filters, including (but not limited to) hydraulic, transmission, and brake fluid.
  • Replace the spark plugs
  • Lube drive hubs

Every 2,000 Hours/One Year

  • All items in the 250 and 500, and 1,000-hour service above
  • Replace the: antifreeze, differential and transmission oil, contact breaker (points), and condenser (on older units)
  • Hydraulic pressure check
  • Cooling system check
  • Inspect steer axle
  • Inspect brake drums (replace if necessary)
  • Compression check
  • Clean and check the fuel system

Service intervals can get confusing if you have a large or mixed fleet. Contact us to set up a service appointment today! Our team of experienced forklift technicians can create a general maintenance plan that considers all the different types of forklifts in your fleet and when to service them.

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